AN ACTIVITIES GUIDE FOR TEACHERS
U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey
By Debra H. Foster, Tatianna N. Batorfalvy, and
This is a html version of the introduction and table
of contents. The full report is available as an Adobe Acrobat
Reader portable document format (pdf) file or a LizardTech DjVu document. Scroll to the bottom of this page for download options.
Water-use data are collected and compiled every 5 years by the U.S.
Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the State of Vermont
Agency of Natural Resources. This activities guide was created to
bring this information to educators of upper elementary and middle
school students throughout the State. The activities in this guide
book encourage the development of skills that are recommended by
the Vermont Department of Education Framework of Standards.
How to Use this
The following pages and the accompanying map poster were developed
by the USGS to teach students in Vermont about the watershed they
live in, how watershed boundaries are determined, and how water
is used in the 16 largest watersheds in the state. The watershed
map on the poster shows topographic relief and major rivers and
lakes. Watersheds are named for the major river draining each watershed.
The town map included on the poster shows town boundaries, watershed
boundaries, and major rivers and lakes. Using both maps, tables
1and 2, and activities 1-4, students will learn about water use
in their town and State. The page "Helpful Hints for Educators"
contains suggestions and answers for each activity.
Several of the activities included in this guide book are designed
for educators to use in a classroom setting where more time can
be spent on water-use questions and discussions. Some of the activities
are suggested as general guidelines to provide the flexibility often
needed in classrooms. These activities can be used to supplement
an existing water resources curriculum and are not meant to be inclusive
on the topic of water use. The data are from USGS Water-Resources
Investigations Report 97-4178, titled "Estimated Water Withdrawals
and Use in Vermont, 1995".
As a supplement to this guide book, the USGS poster titled "Water:
The Resource that gets Used and Used for Everything" would be useful
to illustrate the various water uses. The colorful poster is drawn
with cartoon-like characters and can be used with the graphics in
Activity 2 to illustrate the six water-use categories. Ordering
instructions for this poster can be found in the section "U.S. Geological
Survey Educational Resources."
Table of Contents
How to Use this Guidebook
Skills Used by Students
Mission of the U.S. Geological Survey
Purpose of Water-Use Data
Selected Water-Resources References
U.S. Geological Survey Educational Resources
Other Water-Resources Educational Materials
How Much is a Million Gallons of Water?
Helpful Hints for Educators
1. Identify your Watershed
Challenge Questions .
2. Water-use Categories Word Match
3 Water use in Vermont in 1995
4. Water-Use Word Search
Useful USGS Web Sites
1. Population by watershed in Vermont 1995
2. Water use by category in major watersheds in Vermont in 1995
Poster of major watersheds and town boundaries in Vermont (in map
Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The guidebook of text and activities (without the poster) is available in PDF format. This document requires the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.
1. If you do not have the Acrobat Reader installed on your computer, first visit the Adobe web site.
2. Click here to open the Water Use in Vermont PDF file (size 316 KB)
3. Then, you could print a copy and/or save the file to your computer.
LizardTech DjVu format
The entire guidebook plus the watershed poster is available as a DjVu file. This document requires the free DjVu browser plug-in from LizardTech.
1. To obtain the free LizardTech plug-in for your computer, click on one of the following options:
Macintosh | Windows | UNIX
2. Then, click here to open the Water Use in Vermont DjVu file.
3. The DjVu plug-in automatically adds options to your browser that allow you to view, print, and/or save the file.
Hints for printing the watershed poster:
The map measures 29" x 37", so a large-format printer (plotter) is required to print the poster at full size. Go to the last page of the document (page 20) and use the printer button in the plug-in toolbar. Choose a large-format printer, set the page size to E sheet or another size which accomodates 29" x 37", print the page range "from 20 to 20", and set the radio button to "Orig. Size". (The poster may also be printed to any page size using the "fit to page" option.)
If you have questions about this product, please contact Debra Foster:
Foster, D.H., Batorfalvy, T.N., and Medalie, Laura, 2000, Water use in Vermont: An activities guide for teachers: U.S. Geological Survey outreach product, 1 map, 17 p.